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A brief history of crossword puzzles


Crossword puzzles are said to be the most popular and widespread word game in the world. But their history is quite short.


The first crosswords appeared in England during the 19th century. They were easy and simple: apparently just a group of words arranged so the letters read alike vertically and horizontally. It used to be printed in children's puzzle books and various periodicals. In the United States, however, the puzzle developed into a serious adult pastime.


The first known published crossword puzzle was created by a journalist named Arthur Wynne from Liverpool. He is usually credited as the inventor of the popular word game, which first appeared on a Sunday newspaper (the New York World) on December 21, 1913. Wynne's puzzle (see below) was diamond shaped and contained no internal black squares.


During the early 1920s other newspapers started publishing their own crossword puzzles, and within a decade the game was present in almost all American newspapers. It was in this period that crosswords began to assume their current form.


The first appearance of a crossword in a British publication was in Pearson's Magazine in February 1922, and the first Times crossword appeared on February 1, 1930. British puzzles quickly developed their own style, being considerably more difficult than the American variety.


Try to solve the world's first crossword puzzle below!


ACROSS

2-3. What bargain hunters enjoy.

4-5. A written acknowledgment.

6-7. Such and nothing more.

10-11. A bird.

14-15. Opposed to less.

18-19. What this puzzle is.

22-23. An animal of prey.

26-27. The close of a day.

28-29. To elude.

30-31. The plural of is.

8-9. To cultivate.

12-13. A bar of wood or iron.

16-17. What artists learn to do.

20-21. Fastened.

24-25. Found on the seashore.


DOWN

6-22. What we all should be.

4-26. A day dream.

2-11. A talon.

19-28. A pigeon.

F-7. Part of your head.

23-30. A river in Russia.

1-32. To govern.

33-34. An aromatic plant.

N-8. A fist.

24-31. To agree with.

3-12. Part of a ship.

20-29. One.

5-27. Exchanging.

9-25. To sink in mud.

13-21. A boy.


Check the answers here.


Texto adaptado do site do American Crossword Puzzle Tournament. Você pode ler o original aqui.

Você também pode me ouvir lendo o texto no áudio abaixo!


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