A arte da improvisação | Nível intermediário

Nem tudo sempre sai como planejamos - e às vezes, o improviso sai ainda melhor do que o plano original! Descubra abaixo 10 momentos de total improviso que entraram para a história do cinema.


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As palavras grifadas têm explicação ao final do texto.

10 iconic moments of film history that were totally improvised


1. Raiders of the Lost Ark

Raiders of the Lost Ark, the first Indiana Jones film, was shot in Tunisia with a temperature of 54ºC. The plan was to film a huge fight scene between Indiana Jones and a swordsman. But on that day, Harrison Ford was feeling sick and had no energy to fight. So he spontaneously used his prop gun to "shoot" his adversary. Stylish!


2. The Silence of the Lambs

The following moment happens when Dr. Hannibal Lecter talks to Clarice Starling in prison. He says that he ate a man’s liver (“with some fava beans and a nice Chianti”), and then he suddenly hisses. That was his idea. Totally creepy.


3. Taxi Driver

Director Martin Scorsese asked Robert De Niro, “Can you say something to yourself in the mirror?” That's when De Niro looked in the mirror and said the famous “You talkin’ to me?”


4. The Shining

In this iconic horror movie, Wendy (Shelley Duvall) hides from Jack Torrance (Jack Nicholson) in the bathroom. Jack tries to break down the door with an axe. That's when he shouts: “Here’s Johnny!” - completely improvised.


5. Midnight Cowboy

While Dustin Hoffman and Jon Voight were walking down the street, a cab driver ignored the “Street Closed for Filming” sign and drove into scene - and towards them. Hoffman stayed in character, and said the famous line, "Hey! I'm walking here!"


6. The 40-year-old Virgin

Remember Steve Carrell's chest waxing scene? It was real. He didn't know it was real wax. Pay attention to the faces of Paul Rudd, Romany Malco and Seth Rogen as he screams in pain. They are almost laughing.


7. Zoolander

In a scene, Derek (Ben Stiller) asks Prewett (David Duchovny), “But why male models?” That line was never planned. Stiller forgot his line and simply came up with something. Duchovny went with it, answering his question. True improvisation.


8. The Godfather

Remember Don Vito Corleone's cat? Well, that wasn't planned. The cat was a friendly stray found in the Paramount studios parking lot and they decided to use it in the shoot. And it was so happy that its purring ended up muffling out some of Marlon Brando’s dialogue. He had to re-record it later.


10. The Dark Knight

In the scene where the Joker (Heath Ledger) blows up a hospital, director Christopher Nolan didn't want to use special effects. He asked his team to blow up an actual building with explosives. This meant that they only had one chance to get their shot. But... The bombs didn’t go off as expected. Heath Ledger stayed in character, looking annoyed while pressing the detonator. It finally worked, the building exploded, and the scene became iconic.


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VOCABULARY

Shot (noun)

The process of filming a movie. It's the same verb as we use with guns, because in early film history cameras looked like guns - you had to point at people and press a button. And the word never changed.


Swordsman (noun)

A man that is good with swords


Prop (noun)

An object that is used in a movie scene


To hiss (verb)

To produce a sound like a long "s"


Axe (noun)

A tool used for cutting wood


Waxing (noun)

Having hair removed from your body using hot or cold wax


Wax (noun)

A sticky yellowish moldable substance secreted by honeybees. Can also be made artificially. It is used to remove hair from the body, and also to make candles.


Line (noun)

What actors have to say as characters


To come up with something (phrasal verb)

To think of something, to invent something


To go with it (phrasal verb)

To follow along with someone or something, in accordance with another's actions, especially when their motive or goal is unknown.


Stray (noun/adjective)

An animal (especially dog or cat) that is homeless, that doesn't have owners


To muffle out (phrasal verb)

To make a sound quieter, almost silent


To go off (phrasal verb)

To explode or fire (a gun, a bomb, etc.)

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